Mountain Shadows Phonemic Awarenss Scale (MSPAS)
Administration InstructionsA
Administration InstructionsB
Score Sheet
MSPAS Page 1
MSPAS Page 2
MSPAS Page 3
MSPAS Page 4
MSPAS Page 5
MSPAS Page 6
Watkins, M. W., & Edwards, V. A. (2004). Assessing early literacy skills with the Mountain Shadows Phonemic Awareness Scale (MSPAS). Journal of PsychoeducationalAssessment, 22, 314.
Nelson, J. M. (2008). Psychometric evaluation of the Mountain Shadows Phonemic Awareness Scale with a kindergarten sample. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 26,287298.
Psychoeducational report, recall measure, and satisfaction measure (in pdf format) from: Miller, J. A., & Watkins, M. W. The use of graphs to communicate psychoeducational test results to parents.
Watkins, M. W., & Browning, L. J. (2015). The Baylor revision of the Motivation to Read Survey (BMRS). Research and Practice in the Schools, in press.
(Click on the fractal image to download a program)
Link  Title  Source  Description 
ASCA Profile Analysis  EXCEL  Macintosh EXCEL spreadsheet template for performing syndromic profile analysis of Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents scores. A 25K selfextracting file.  
Correlation Tests  EXCEL  Macintosh EXCEL spreadsheet template that tests the significance of difference between correlations (both independent and dependent). A 25K selfextracting file.  
ASCAcalculator  FutureBASIC  Macintosh OS9 program that performs syndromic profile analysis with both generalized distance and r(p) calculation methods for Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents (ASCA) scores. 200K selfextracting file.  
ASCAcalculator  VisualBASIC  Windows program that performs syndromic profile analysis with both generalized distance and r(p) calculation methods for Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents (ASCA) scores. 500K zip file. Programmed by Aaron Suen.  
MacPotthoff  FutureBASIC  Macintosh OS9 program that performs Potthoff regression bias analysis. 200K selfextracting file.  
MacKappa  FutureBASIC  Macintosh OS9 program that calculates general and partial kappa coefficients for nominal data. 220k selfextracting file.  
WISCIII Profile Caluclator  FutureBASIC  Macintosh OS9 program that uses generalized distance method to determine if the subtest profile of a single case is multivariately unusual or common in comparison to subtest clusters found in the WISCIII standardization sample. 360K selfextracting file.  
WISCIII Profile Calculator  BASIC  Windows program that uses generalized distance method to determine if the subtest profile of a single case is multivariately unusual or common in comparison to subtest clusters found in the WISCIII standardization sample. Programmed by Aaron Suen.  
Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC)  EXCEL  An EXCEL template that graphs the ROC curve and calculates Area Under the ROC Curve (AUC) using a nonparametric method. 20K EXCEL file.  
MacParallel Analysis  A stand alone Macintosh program that contains tables of eigenvalues produced by Monte Carlo simulations for determination of Parallel Analysis criteria. 1.2 MB.  
MacParallel Analysis  A standalone Windows program that contains tables of eigenvalues produced by Monte Carlo simulations for determination of Parallel Analysis criteria. 1.1 MB.  
Monte Carlo PCA for Parallel Analysis  A standalone Macintosh program that computes Parallel Analysis criteria (eigenvalues) by performing a Monte Carlo simulation. The user can specify 3300 variables, 509999 subjects, and 11000 replications. 1.1 MB.  
Monte Carlo PCA for Parallel Analysis  A standalone Windows program that computes Parallel Analysis criteria (eigenvalues) by performing a Monte Carlo simulation. The user can specify 3300 variables, 509999 subjects, and 11000 replications. 1.0 MB.  
r To z Conversion  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates rtoz and ztor. 1 MB.  
r To z Conversion  A standalone Windows program that calculates rtoz and ztor. 308K.  
AbilityAchievement Discrepancy Analysis  A standalone Macintosh program that performs a simple regressionbased prediction of achievement for determination of a severe abilityachievement discrepancy. Version 2.0 released 4/22/09. 2.9 MB.  
AbilityAchievement Discrepancy Analysis  A standalone Windows program that performs a simple regressionbased prediction of achievement for determination of a severe abilityachievement discrepancy.Version 2.0 released 4/22/09. 1.3 MB.  
Coefficient of Congruence  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates the coefficient of congruence for comparing factor solutions from different studies or different samples.800K.  
Coefficient of  A standalone Windows program that calculates the coefficient of congruence for comparing factor solutions from different studies or different samples.352K.  
Diagnostic Utilitity Statistics  A standalone Macintosh Universal program that calculates diagnostic efficiency statistics: sensitivity, specificity, false positive rate, false negative rate, positive and negative predictive power, odds ratio, Kappa, AUC, etc.  
Diagnostic Utilitity Statistics  A standalone Windows program that calculates diagnostic efficiency statistics: sensitivity, specificity, false positive rate, false negative rate, positive and negative predictive power, odds ratio, kappa, AUC, etc.  
ROC Analysis  A standalone Macintosh program that graphs the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve and calculates the Area Under the ROC Curve (AUC) using a nonparametric method. 1.1 MB.  
ROC Analysis  A standalone Windows program that graphs the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve and calculates the Area Under the Curve (AUC) using a nonparametric method. 1 MB zip file.  
ChiSquare Analysis  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates the chisquare statistic for 2x2 to 10x10 contingency tables. Also calculates the contingency, phi, and kappa statistics. 3.4 MB.  
ChiSquare Analysis  A standalone Windows program that calculates the chisquare statistic for 2x2 to 10x10 contingency tables. Also calculates the contingency, phi, and kappa statistics. 1.5 MB.  
Probability Calc  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates the probability of z, t, F, and chisquare values. 2.5 MB.  
Probability Calc  A standalone Windows program that calculates the probability of z, t, F, and chisquare values. 1.1 MB.  
MacBonferroni  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates Holm's sequential Bonferroni method to maintain experimentwise error rates at a desired alpha level. 3.3 MB.  
MacBonferroni  A standalone Windows program that calculates Holm's sequential Bonferroni method to maintain experimentwise error rates at a desired alpha level. 1.4 MB.  
RandomNum  A standalone Macintosh program that generates random numbers from uniform and normal distributions. 1.3MB.  
RandomNum  A standalone Windows program that generates random numbers from uniform and normal distributions. 850k.  
UNITcalc  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates profile scores on the Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test as per Wilhoit & McCallum (2002). 1100k.  
UNITcalc  A standalone Windows program that calculates profile scores on the Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test as per Wilhoit & McCallum (2002). 464k.  
Simple t  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates independent and dependent ttests from group data (mean, standard deviation, correlation). 2.4 MB.  
Simple t  A standalone Windows program that calculates independent and dependent ttests from group data (mean, standard deviation, correlation). 1 MB.  
MacKappa  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates general and partial kappa coefficients for nominal data. 1100k.  
MacKappa  A standalone Windows program that calculates general and partial kappa coefficients for nominal data.444k.  
CAcalculatorRevised  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates chronological age when given date of birth and date of test. 1 MB.  
CAcalculatorRevised  A standalone Windows program that calculates chronological age when given date of birth and date of test. 604 k.  
Calculadora CA  A Spanish language version of the CAcalculator Macintosh program that calculates chronological age when given date of birth and date of test. 2.4 MB.  
Calculadora CA  A Spanish language version of the CAcalculator Windows program that calculates chronological age when given date of birth and date of test. 1 MB.  
rProphecy  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates the SpearmanBrown 'Prophecy' formula that estimates the reliability of a test if its number of items is altered. 2.4 MB.  
rProphecy  A standalone Windows program that calculates the SpearmanBrown 'Prophecy' formula that estimates the reliability of a test if its number of items is altered 1 MB.  
Effect Size Calculator  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates effect sizes (Cohen's d, r, Glass's Δ, Common Language Effect Size) given appropriate means and standard deviations. 6.1 MB.  
Effect Size Calculator  A standalone Windows program that calculates effect sizes (Cohen's d, r, Glass's Δ, Common Language Effect Size) given appropriate means and standard deviations. 5.4 MB.  
MacOrtho  A standalone Macintosh program that transforms an hierarchical higherorder factor analysis solution into an orthogonal solution as described by Schmid and Leiman (1957). 1.2 MB.  
MacOrtho  A standalone Windows program that transforms an hierarchical higherorder factor analysis solution into an orthogonal solution as described by Schmid and Leiman (1957). 750k.  
MacMahalanobis  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates Mahalanobis distance for multiple cases, given entry of an inverted covariance matrix. 1.1 MB.  
MacMahalanobis  A standalone Windows program that calculates Mahalanobis distance for multiple cases, given entry of an inverted covariance matrix. 700k.  
Pairwise Tests  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates three Pairwise Tests: simple Bonferroni adjustment, Holm's sequential Bonferroni method, and Benjamin and Hochberg's False Discovery Rate. 1.1 MB.  
Pairwise Tests  A standalone Windows program that calculates three Pairwise Tests: simple Bonferroni adjustment, Holm's sequential Bonferroni method, and Benjamin and Hochberg's False Discovery Rate. 1.0 MB.  
alphaN  A standalone Macintosh Universal program that estimates the sample size needed for a specified coefficient alpha, given the Type I error rate and effect size. 2.4 MB.  
alphaN  A standalone Windows program that estimates the sample size needed for a specified coefficient alpha, given the Type I error rate and effect size. 1 MB.  
rSim  A standalone Macintosh program that interactively simulates how the 95% confidence interval and statistical significance (p ≠ 0) of the correlation coefficient vary as a function of sample size. 2.4 MB.  
rSim  A standalone Windows program that interactively simulates how the 95% confidence interval and statistical significance (p ≠ 0) of the correlation coefficient vary as a function of sample size. 1 MB.  
ASCA Assistant  A standalone Macintosh scoring program for the Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents (ASCA). It also performs syndromic profile analysis, discriminant analysis, and situtype analysis. Only for those who own ASCA manual and protocols. 3.2 MB.  
ASCA Assistant  A standalone Windows scoring program for the Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents (ASCA). It also performs syndromic profile analysis, discriminant analysis, and situtype analysis. Only for those who own ASCA manual and protocols. 900 k.  
Invariance  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates three indices of factorial invariance: the coefficient of congruence, a chisquare goodness of fit test, and Cattell's Salient Variable Similarity index. 2.4 MB.  
Invariance  A standalone Windows program that calculates three indices of factorial invariance: the coefficient of congruence, a chisquare goodness of fit test, and Cattell's Salient Variable Similarity index. 1 MB.  
MacPotthoff II  A standalone Macintosh program that performs Potthoff regression bias analysis. A REALbasic update of the 1998 FutureBASIC program. 1.0 MB.  
MacPotthoff II  A standalone Windows program that performs Potthoff regression bias analysis. 1.0 MB.  
MacRCI  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates the Reliable Change Index (RCI) of Jacobson and Truax (1991). 1.4 MB.  
MacRCI  A standalone Windows program that calculates the Reliable Change Index (RCI) of Jacobson and Truax (1991). 880 k.  
Standard Score Converter  A standalone Macintosh program that converts raw scores to standard scores and converts between standard scores, including z, T, deviation IQ, NCE, percentile, etc. 2.4 MB.  
Standard Score Converter  A standalone Windows program that converts raw scores to standard scores and converts between standard scores, including z, T, deviation IQ, NCE, percentile, etc. 1 MB.  
Bayesian Calculator  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates positive predictive power, given prevalence and test results. 2.3 MB.  
Bayesian Calculator  A standalone Windows program that calculates positive predictive power, given prevalence and test results. 1 MB.  
SEscree  A standalone Macintosh program that quantifies the visual scree test to determine the number of factors to retain in exploratory factor analysis. 2.4 MB.  
SEscree  A standalone Windows program that quantifies the visual scree test to determine the number of factors to retain in exploratory factor analysis. 1.0 MB.  
SimpleStatTests  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates tests of dependent and independent means, variances, correlations, proportions, alpha coefficients, and AUCs from group data. 3.5 MB.  
SimpleStatTests  A standalone Windows program that calculates tests of dependent and independent means, variances, correlations, proportions, alpha coefficients, and AUCs from group data. 1.6 MB.  
Reliability of Difference Scores  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates the reliability of difference scores, given the reliability of two tests and the correlation between those two tests. 2.9 MB.  
Reliability of Difference Scores  A standalone Windows program that calculates the reliability of difference scores, given the reliability of two tests and the correlation between those two tests. 1.3 MB.  
BMI Calculator  Real Studio  A standalone Macintosh program that calculates the Body Mass Index for adults given height and weight. 3.0 MB.  
BMI Calculator  Real Studioc  A standalone Windows program that calculates the Body Mass Index for adults given height and weight. 1.3 MB.  
MacRCI Espaņol  Real Studio  A Spanish language version of MacRCI that calculates the Reliable Change Index (RCI) of Jacobson and Truax (1991). For the Macintosh. 3.3 MB.  
MacRCI Espaņol  Real Studio  A Spanish language version of MacRCI that calculates the Reliable Change Index (RCI) of Jacobson and Truax (1991). For Windows. 1.5 MB.  
CIeigenvalue  Real Studio  A standalone Macintosh program that computes the confidence intervals of obtained eigenvalues as per Larsen and Warne (2010). 3.3 MB.  
CIeigenvalue  Real Studio  A standalone Windows program that computes the confidence intervals of obtained eigenvalues as per Larsen and Warne (2010). 1.5 MB.  
EDPcalc  Real Studio  A standalone Macintosh program for evidencebased practice that computes posterior probability when given prior probability and likelihood ratio.  
EDPcalc  Real Studio  A standalone Windows program for evidencebased practice that computes posterior probability when given prior probability and likelihood ratio.  
ChiSquareDiff  Real Studio  A standalone Macintosh program to compute the statistical significance of chisquare difference tests as typically used in comparisons of nested SEM models in EQS, LISREL, and Mplus SEM software as per Bryant and Satorra (2012).  
ChiSquareDiff  Real Studio  A standalone Windows program to compute the statistical significance of chisquare difference tests as typically used in comparisons of nested SEM models in EQS, LISREL, and Mplus SEM software as per Bryant and Satorra (2012).  
Omega  Real Studio  A standalone Macintosh program to compute omega and omega hierarchical, measures of measurment precision or reliability, using standardized loadings from a confirmatory factor analysis.  
Omega  Real Studio  A standalone Windows program to compute omega and omega hierarchical, measures of measurment precision or reliability, using standardized loadings from a confirmatory factor analysis.  
(Click on the fractal image to download a program) 
