The Adjustment Scales for Children and Adolescents is an objectivebehavioral assessment device to be completed by a youth's classroomteacher. Scoring should be completed by a psychologist or otherspecialist trained in assessment. ASCA assesses youth behaviorproblems, subtypes of psychopathology, and specific styles of healthyadjustment for youths aged 5 through 17 years. It contains 97 problemand 26 prosocial behavior indicators, each presented in one of 29specific situations involving authority, peers, smaller or weakeryouths, recreation, learning, or confrontation. The behavioralindicators and situations were designed and revised in field trialsto provide clear content meaning for teachers to reduce any tendencyfor unwarranted inferences about a youth's internal cognitive oremotional processes.

ASCA is standardized nationwide on 2,818 five through seventeenyear old youths. This includes a normative sample of 1,400 youthsstratified according to the 1990 U.S. Census by age, grade level,gender, race/ethnicity, mother's and father's education, familystructure, national region, community size, and associatedhandicapping conditions. An additional 1,418 cases comprise validitygeneralization and ethnic-bias study samples. Evidence demonstratesthe substantial stability and accuracy of ASCA across youthdevelopmental levels, gender, and racial/ethnic groups (White,African-American, and varied non-White youngsters).


Special Features

ASCA takes 15-20 minutes to complete. It also applies an easy,one-step scoring system that requires no templates or overlays.Percentiles and standard T scores are produced for 6 core behaviorsyndromes, 2 supplementary syndromes, and 2 overall adjustmentscales. Standard T scores (M = 50, SD = 10) are used to form profilesand to assess the likelihood of social and emotional disturbance.ASCA's core syndromes and scales afford appreciable generalizabilityto childhood and adolescence, across gender, and acrossethnicity.

A variety of research studies concerning ASCA have been conductedand published.
Press this button to read summaries of ASCA research papers.

Clinical Syndromes


Syndromic Profile Interpretation

Based upon the 1,400 standardization children and adolescents, 14 major types and 8 clinical subgroups were identified and described according to distinct behavior and severity, and by prevalence for age, gender, socioeconomic status, cognitive ability, achievement, handicapping conditions, and observed physical morbidity. To use the syndromic profile method, compare obtained ASCA scores with standardization type scores and calculate as per the ASCA manual. Statistical computation of these comparisons can be performed with the ASCA Profile Analysis Macintosh EXCEL template or the ASCAcalculator program for Macintosh OS 9 and Windows. The ASCA Assistant program is available for both Macintosh (OS 9 and OS X) and Windows. Behavioral styles include:

Adjusted and Subclinical Styles


At Risk and Clinical Behavior Styles

Order ASCA and Learning Behavior Scale materials

| Marley Watkins |